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HISTORICAL MARKS  
Last update: 01/01/2018
 
A simplified chronology of the animated history of Japan is difficult to establish. Dates of the periods being variable according to the sources, the provinces and calendars' used.
 

P
R
E
H
I
S
T
O
R
Y

 

- 300.000 years

 

Paleolithic traces of habitats

 

n. 11.000 B.C.

660 B.C.

n. 300 B.C.

Civilization of
Jômon

Twisted pottery (oldest of the world)

Mythical foundation of Japan by the Jimmu emperor

 

n. 300 B.C.

108

239

n. 300

Civilization of
Y
ayoi

Flooded rice growing - Metallurgy (bronzes, iron)

Japan and the south of Korea form only one kingdom

China invades Korea = > massive emigration

Kingdom of Yamatai directed by the Himiko queen

O
L
D

 

J
A
P
A
N

Y
A
M
A
T
O

n. 300

360

n. 400

405

538 (or 552)

Civilization of
Kofun

Period of Kofun (large tombs)

The empress Jingo Kogo invaded Korea (legendary date 200)

The court of Yamato carries out the Japanese unit

The Chinese writing is the official writing (legendary date 285)

Introduction of Buddhism by the Kimmei monk

538 (or 552)

587

600

645

Period
Asuka or
Late Yamato

 

War of the clans - victory of the clan of Soga

Official Japanese embassy in China

N
A
R
A

645

672

710

Time of
Hakuhô

Reform Taïka era

Civil war of imperial succession

710

794

Time of
Tempyô

The empress Gemmei fixes the capital at Nara

The Konin emperor decides to leave Nara

H
E
I
A
N

794

815

894

Time of
Kônin
and Jôgan

The capital is fixed at Heiankyô (future Kyôto)

Introduction of the tea to Japan

894

935 - 941

1180 - 1185

1185

Time of
Fujiwara

Rising of TAIRA Masakado in Kantô

War between the clan of Taira and the clan of Minamoto

Destruction of the clan of Taira from the battle of Dan-no-Ura

M
E
D
I
E
V
A
L


J
A
P
A
N

K
A
M
A
K
U
R
A

1185

1192

1199

1202

1221

1274

1281

1321

1332

1333

Time of
Kamakura
or Minamoto

Minamoto No Yoritomo becomes the 1st sei-i-tai-shôgun

Died of Minamoto no Yoritomo

1st monastery built Zen : the kenninji

War between imperial and shôgun forces

1st Mongolian attack with Tsushima } kami kaze

2nd Mongolian attack } “divine winds”

The Go-Daigo emperor takes again the power

the clan Hôjô exiles the Go-Daigo emperor

End of the bakufu of Kamakura, taken by Yoshisada

M
U
R
O
M
A
C
H
I

1333

1336

Period
Kemmu

Schism of the courses imperial of north and the south

Imperial restoration directed by the Go-Daigo emperor

1336

1337

1392

Period
Nanbokuchô

Beginning of a civil war of almost a ½ century

Catch of being able of the Ashikaga clan

1392

1428

1429

1467

1477

1485

1490

Period
Muromachi

Meeting of the courses of north and the south

Country revolts of the Shôchô era

Country revolts of the Eikyô era

Beginning of the war of shôgun's succession : wars of Onin

End of the revolt of the Onin era

Revolt country country of Yamashiro

1490

1537

1543

1573

Period
Sengoku

Time of the “countries in war”

Coding of the ceremony of the tea by SEN No Rikyû

The Portuguese unload in Kanegashima (+ guns)

NOBUNAGA Oda deposits the Ashikaga clan

A
N
C
I
E
N

 

R
E
G
I
M
E

M
O
M
O
Y
A
M
A

1573

1582

1588

1590

1598

1600

1603

Time of
Azuchi - Momoyama

 

Assassination of NOBUNAGA Oda - HIDEYOSHI Toyotomi seizes the power

Disarmament of the campaigns - port of the sabres codified

HIDEYOSHI Toyotomi carried out the national reunification

Died of HIDEYOSHI Toyotomi

Battle of Sekigahara - victory of TOKUGAWA Ieyasu

E
D
O

1603

1616

1637

1639

1669

1701 - 1703

1853

Nov. 1867

Time of
Edo

Beginning of the shôgunat of TOKUGAWA Ieyasu

Died of TOKUGAWA Ieyasu

Revolt of Shimabara

Closing of ports the abroads

Revolt general of the tribes aïnues of Hokkaidô

History of the 47 rônin

American ships of Commodore Perry in Uraga (bay of Edo)

Abolition of the shogun - Fine of the bakufu of Tokugawa

M
O
D
E
R
N

 

J
A
P
A
N

 

03 / 01 / 1868

1868

1870

1876

1877

14 / 12 / 1883

1894 - 1895

1901

1903

1903

1903 - 1906

1904 - 1905

1908

1910

1910

1911

1912

Time of
Meiji

Restoration of the Imperial power

Edo becomes Tôkyô

Abolition of the 4 castes : warrior - peasant - craftsman - merchant

Prohibition of the port of the sabres

Revolt of Satsuma crushed by an army of conscripts

Birth of UESHIBA Morihei in Tanabe (province of Kii)

1st Sino-Japanese war

Study the jujutsu of Kito-Ryu with TAKISABURO Tobari

Marry ITOGAWA Hatsu

Study the jencing of Yagyu-Ryu with Master NAKAI

Morihei is incorporated int 37e regiment of Wakayama

Russo-Japanese war

Study Jujutsu of the Yagyu school with MASANOSUKE Tsuboi

Annexation of Korea

Departure in Hokkaido to found a new colony there

Birth of his elder daughter : Matsuko

Died of the Meiji emperor

 

1912

1912

1916

1917

1918

1919

02 / 01 / 1920

Apr. 1920

1920

Sept. 1920

27 / 06 / 1921

1922

13 / 02 / 1924

1925

1925

1926

Era
Taishô

 

1st meeting with TAKEDA Sôkaku, Master of Daito-Ryu

Receives Menkyo of Daito-Ryu

Birth of his first son : Takemori

Forwarding of Siberia

1st meeting with the reverend DEGUCHI Onisaburô

Died of Yoroku, father of UESHIBA Morihei

Birth of his second son : Kuniharu

Fondation of the first dojo : Ueshiba Juku (Academy Ueshiba)

Death of his 2 sons

Birth of Kisshômaru, 3rd son of O Sensei

Give the name of AIKI-BUJUTSU to is martial art

Departure for Mongolia with the reverend DEGUCHI Onisaburo

Study the art of the lance of the Hozoin style

O Sensei makes evole Aiki-Bujutsu in AIKI-JUTSU then AIKI-BUDO

 

1926

1927

1928

1930

1931

Apr. 1931

1932

1932

1937

30 / 04 / 1940

1941

07 / 12 / 1941

1942

1944

Agu. 1945

1945

1946

09 / 02 / 1948

1948

02 / 04 / 1951

Dec. 1951

1955 - 1957

1956

1961

1964

1967

26 / 04 / 1969

10 / 03 / 1984

23 / 11 / 1984

1989

Era
Shôwa

Accession with the throne of the Hiro-Hito emperor

Settle with his family in Tokyo

Death of the mother of O Sensei : Yuki

Visit of Master KANO Jigoro to the dojo of Master UESHIBA Morihei

Incident in Mandchourie

Constructin of a dojo of 80 tatami in Tokyo : Kobukan

Is named president of Budo Sen'Yokai

Creation of the state of Mandchoukouo

Beginning of the Japanese invasion of China

Kobukan becomes Kobukai

Kobukai is incorporated by the Japanese government in Butokukai

Attack Japanese on Pearl-Harbour

Withdraws itself in Iwama - 1st use of the term AIKIDO

Foundation of Aiki Jinja (sanctuary of the Aiki) in Iwama

American atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The practice of the martial arts is prohibited by the American authorities

The emperor gives up his divine ascent

The activity of Kobukai begins again under the name of Aikikai

Kisshômaru is named technical director of Aikikai

Birth of Moriteru, son of Kisshômaru

1st demonstration in France by Master MOCHIZUKI Minoru

André NOCQUET part au Japon et devient Uchi Deshi of O Sensei

1st public demonstration of O Sensei

Arrivée en France de Maître NAKAZONO Mitsuro et de Maître NORO Masamichi

Arrivée en France de Maître TAMURA Nobuyoshi

Kisshômaru is named president of the Aikikai foundation

Death of UESHIBA Morihei - Kisshômaru becomes Doshu

Died of Mister TSUDA Itsuo

Died of Master ABE Tadashi

Died of the Hiro-Hito emperor

 

1989

08 / 10 / 1994

04 / 01 / 1999

12 / 03 / 1999

30 / 05 / 2003

10 / 07 / 2010

15 / 03 / 2013

.....

Era
Heisei

Accession with the throne of the Aki-Hito prince

Died of Master NAKAZONO Mitsuro

Death of UESHIBA Kisshômaru - UESHIBA Moriteru becomes new Doshu

Died of Master André NOCQUET

Died of Master MOCHIZUKI Minoru

Died of Master TAMURA Nobuyoshi

Died of Master NORO Masamichi

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